Benefits of New Superhome Build Beat Old World Villa Charm
SOLITEX EXTASANA ADHERO® provides the ultimate weather protection layer for your walls and roofs under all conditions. Fully adhered to rigid substrates, SOLITEX EXTASANA ADHERO® provides ultimate protection to the building from wind, driving rain and other external sources of water, whilst allowing any internal moisture to escape through the vapour permeable, non-porous TEEE layer.
Mahurangi West couple opts to build their new home to the Superhome standard, with innovative systems and materials used to create a sustainable, comfortable & healthy family home.
After living in a beautiful big old 1890 2-storey Villa that they had been restoring for 14 years, Richard Houghton and his wife decided it was time to build a new healthy and comfortable home. Summers spent in the villa were lovely, nice and cool, but the winters were freezing cold with the house being impossible to heat. This was despite the house being North facing and tucked into the side of the hills that protected it from the prevailing winds.
The Houghton’s opted-in for a lifestyle property in Mahurangi West, North of Auckland, with the piece of land being gently sloping but exposed to every wind direction. Firstly, they were not fond of doing another re-site reno of an old house as they had completed four previously. However, the priority was clear – to build a new warm and healthy home. Unfortunately, none of the ‘Group Housing’ plans, layouts or specifications appealed to them, and as Richard said, “why shoot for the minimum, I have never gone for the worst performing car I could find or to find a job that would only ever pay the minimum wage, so why would I want to build a house that shot for the absolute minimum building standard”.
Richard, a construction planner by trade, undertook a lot of research on energy-efficient and healthy homes, and found invaluable information on SIPs panel construction, thermal bridging, insulated floor slabs, mechanical ventilation and so the list go on. Even with reputed builders trying to convince them to go with a tried and tested stick build, after long discussions, Richard and his family settled with a SIP’s panel design.
Following his wife’s brief for a feel of an industrial, agricultural, on-budget and non-generic-looking design, Richard then looked into doing things smarter and more efficiently. Together with his Architect, they came up with a design that was very well optimized for the footprint they had and lends itself well to SIP construction. And the whole process was about to start…
Once the final consent was approved in August 2021, walls were being stood within the week. On day one, half the walls were stood. “This is going to be finished in no time”, they thought! But that was just the beginning. Unfortunately, on day two of the build, the country went back into lockdown. The construction process suffered with timber delays. After intense communication with MBIE and pleading with timber yards, they were able to secure enough timber for the internal framing, basically just 10 sticks at a time. The rest of the walls and the roof panels were in place only 5 days after the lockdown finished.
Pro clima SOLITEX EXTASANA® wall underlay & SOLITEX EXTASANA ADHERO® self-adhesive wall/roof underlays were both put forward as options for the weather resistive barrier protecting the wall panels. Richard was pleased that he had made the decision to go with the SOLITEX EXTASANA ADHERO® self-adhesive option in the end, given the extended period of time that the panels were exposed to the weather during the lockdown. Panel manufacturer New Zealand Structural Insulated Panels (NZSIP) Limited supplied the panels to site with the SOLITEX EXTASANA ADHERO® already installed, which ensured the panels never had a chance to get wet, and with no penetrations from fixings the risk of external moisture ingress was massively reduced both during construction and for the life of the building.
Once the panels were secured in position, the panel joins were sealed with TESCON EXTORA® weathertight flashing tape. The same tape was used to seal the internal side of the joins, which is critical to avoid interstitial condensation from internal moisture sources and assists in making the building envelope more airtight & energy efficient.
The SIPS roof panels were protected by a layer of SOLITEX MENTO® 3000 connect roof underlay once erected. The product features adhesive strips on both edges of the roll, enabling the laps to be perfectly sealed, and all staple fixings covered. Ensuring the weather resistive barrier is continuous and free of holes is even more critical on SIPS roof panels as the cooling effect of night sky radiation is greater than on the walls, and the resulting condensation always finds the path of least resistance. TESCON® NAIDECK sealing tape was used under the vertical counter battens beneath the roof purlins, ensuring all screw penetrations made through the SOLITEX MENTO® 3000 are sealed against moisture ingress.
An airtight thermal envelope is one of the key aspects of a sustainable and healthy building, as it gives the occupant ultimate control over where moisture-laden air comes from and goes to. While Richard had no set airtightness target for the design, he knew that minimizing the amount of air leakage through the envelope would enable more efficient use of the energy needed to heat, cool and ventilate the conditioned space.
A Blower Door test was conducted once the building envelope was complete, with a result of 1.66 ACH (air changes per hour) @ 50Pa being achieved. Richard said he could have achieved a better result if European style uPVC or Timber windows were used, as typically the gaskets, multi-point locks and frames of the European joinery provide a more airtight seal compared to aluminium windows. A typical NZ ‘code built’ house usually achieves around 5-8 ACH under the same test conditions, and the old Villa Richard & his wife lived in might have come in at 25 or even 50 ACH during a Blower Door test! So, in context they can be happy knowing their Superhome is super-efficient at maintaining a comfortable temperature in every room over those long, cold winter nights, compared to most other houses in NZ.
Even though the build was challenged by material deliveries due to the pandemic and lockdowns but through patience, pleading, pestering and persistence they got there in the end. Richard and his wife have now been living in their new home for a few months and they are extremely happy and comfortable. It’s wonderful.
When Richard’s wife was asked by her friend about missing their old Villa, she answered with a contra question “What do you do when you go home from work (to your little Villa)? ” The response from her friend was “I put on a thick jumper, light the fire and try to warm the house.” His wife responded “I get home, walk in the door to a beautifully warm house, and walk round in a tee shirt. No, I don’t miss the Villa.” While they both love the character and charm of old Villas, they prefer the ease and comfort of living in a modern healthy home. They no longer need to battle the mould and their youngest son is already feeling healthier. Their new home will be very low maintenance with polished concrete floors, colour steel cladding, and recessed windows. The whole home just hunkers down into rural landscape.
They still need to lay the concrete paths and build the decks, but in the meantime, they’ll take a little breather and relax from what has been a long journey of 2 years and 8 months in Portacoms.
“There is absolutely no question, the healthy homes formula is the way to go,” says Richard. Congratulations to the new owners of what can truly be called a Superhome!
Listen to the podcast about this project on Home Style Green website and find out more in the discussion how is it to live and work in a very good, healthy home between Richard Houghton (house owner), Simon Cator (Regional Sales Manager, Pro Clima NZ, and Matthew Cutler-Welsh (Sustainable housing expert and host of Home Style Green).